The employment rate of India’s 688 million working-age population, skill development is more of a need than a luxury. However, most of them stay jobless due to a lack of knowledge about appropriate vocational training and career possibilities.Unemployment is defined as a person who is willing to work but unable to locate a suitable position. Our country is beset by several issues, one of the most important of which being unemployment. Many university graduates, physicians, engineers, and scientists are unemployed or underemployed. We are squandering our country’s human resources as a result of unemployment. Since 2009-2010, The employment rate of India among those aged 15 to 29 has risen. The unemployment rate has risen to 3.8 per cent, up from 3.7 per cent last year, according to Global Employment Trends 2014. According to a recent study by the International Labour Organization (ILO), India’s unemployment rate has increased in the previous two years.If the unemployment problem is resolved, the country’s progress will be aided. With a population of 1.20 billion people, our country’s unemployment rate is steadily rising. Although unemployment is on the rise, many industries continue to struggle to find qualified candidates for their positions. In India, there is a surge in software and outsourcing firms, yet unemployment remains an issue.
Here are some of the causes of India’s unemployment.
For the Employment of India, there are job possibilities, yet unemployment results from the country’s growing population. If the population expands at the same rate, the future generation will confront more difficulties of unemployment. If there is a job opening for one position, 100 or 1000 people may apply, but only one will be hired, leaving the others unemployed. Inflation Indians do not accept employment that is below their academic level. Many people find it challenging to work in jobs that need less than a high school diploma. Low pay is a salary that is less than the market rate.Many large corporations want only the most qualified candidates for their positions.
Many employers favour experienced employees over inexperienced prospects. There aren’t enough or new jobs: As per the experience & research from getting Sarkari Naukri, the latest government jobs are dropping every year. Government is not able to provide enough jobs bearing in mind the Indian population.
Previously, hundreds of thousands of people were necessary to complete a task, but now, thanks to advanced technology, only one person can do the labour of many people. With progressive technology, firms are hiring few humans to run the machine. Giving a computer command and the work is done resulted in many people losing their jobs.
Possible reasons for the current employment in India In India, youth unemployment is a big problem and one of the most extensively discussed topics, yet it has yet to be resolved. For us Indians, education consists of graduating high school and going to college. But we don’t realise that’s not the case.It is not the number of years you spend in school or college that determines whether or not you will be hired. What counts is the quality of education and information gained over these years. Most of our childhood and youth are spent memorising textbooks, with very little time spent on actual knowledge and skill acquisition which results in gaining less Key skills for the job. According to a survey for employment in India, over 2 million graduates and half a million postgraduates are unemployed. In India, around 47% of graduates are unsuitable for any type of industry position. Above all, in India, the rate of educated unemployment rises as one advance in education. While youth unemployment is approximately 3.6 per cent at the primary level, it is over 8% at the graduate level and 9.3 per cent at the post-graduate level thus they have sufficient educational qualifications.
1. Reasons for educated unemployment include low institution/university standards.
When we compare our educational institutions to those located outside of the nation, we see that the teaching technique is severely faulty. Youth unemployment is caused by the outdated curriculum, inadequate teaching resources, and a lack of basic infrastructure, to mention a few factors. Students are not taught to fulfil the economy’s demands or comprehend the topic thoroughly but rather cram the curriculum and earn good results this results in students gaining less key skills for the job market. Above all, for the majority of people, the current educational system has turned into a business. The cost of education has risen dramatically, but the quality of education has remained poor. This leaves most young people at the mercy of government colleges, which are considerably below private colleges in terms of quality. While a rise in the number of institutions in any particular sector is necessary for light of population growth, the quality of these institutes was never addressed. In India, the growing number of colleges only indicates a reduction in educational rate, owing to a lack of financial resources and financing.
2.. Unemployment among educated people is due to a lack of appropriate skills.
One of the leading causes of young unemployment in India is a lack of relevant skills. It is critical to equip oneself with the appropriate skillset and focus on competency to be suitable for employment in any field. However, the majority of today’s kids lack the abilities that a job description demands thus having the problem of insufficient employment qualifications.A large percentage of graduates lack the necessary English communication skills. When it comes to skills, primary school plays an important role. At the primary level, it is critical to concentrate on fundamental abilities such as communication and language.
In India, there are solutions to the problem of unemployment.
1. The first step in addressing unemployment is to rein in our country’s rapidly growing population. People should be encouraged to have modest families by the government. The Indian government has begun measures to curb population growth, yet the population continues to rise therefore three is a very high competition towards the arsenal of key skills for the job among the competitiors.
2. The educational quality in India should be enhanced. The existing educational system is inadequate. The government should maintain a close eye on the educational system and introduce new approaches to increase competent workers. The government should appoint a commission to oversee education and higher education. Because the current curriculum is of little value to the businesses, instruction should be tailored to meet their everyday needs. A piece of practical knowledge should be supplied before the schooling is completed so that they can attain the necessary employment qualifications.
3. Today’s kids should also enrol in an institute or choose a degree that provides adequate training and is aligned with current industry needs. Choose a course that piques your interest and will help you achieve your goals.
4. To prevent rural candidates from migrating to urban regions, the government should support and expand agriculture-based enterprises in rural areas. For the seasonally unemployed, more work should be created in the rural areas.
5. There should be a push for rapid industrialisation.
6. The development of rural regions will prevent rural people from migrating to urban areas, reducing the need for metropolitan city jobs.
7. The government should enable more international firms to set up shop in India, resulting in greater job possibilities. In basic terms, educated unemployment occurs when a person with a relevant degree and a willingness to work at industry standard wages/salaries can not find work in a specific industry. According to a survey, 48 per cent of urban adolescents struggle to find acceptable employment. Thirty-eight per cent of employed people are unsatisfied with their jobs. This also entails an absence of favourable working circumstances. The lack of adequate pay, particularly in engineering and law, has been frequently covered in the media. While the firms and lawyers may be successful, they do not appropriately reward their coworkers and juniors. This is a hurdle for many graduates looking for work. They will ignore the appropriate opportunity knocking on their door, leaving them unoccupied.In India, both the government and academics have long debated the issue of employment and unemployment. The engagement has its own set of problems, such as poor working conditions, employee exploitation, and inadequate compensation, to name a few.
Although there are laws in India that address employment and unemployment, we have seen minimal implementation. Regulation of salaries, making the private sector more organised, and regulating fees for educational colleges are strategies to limit educated unemployment in India. Above all, the government and the people should prioritise the quality of education. It’s past time for us to take the ruling government’s effort on skill development more seriously.